He had two younger sisters:
Version for printing Leonhard Euler's father was Paul Euler. Paul Euler had studied theology at the University of Basel and had attended Jacob Bernoulli 's lectures there. Paul Euler became a Protestant minister and married Margaret Brucker, the daughter of another Protestant minister.
Their son Leonhard Euler was born in Basel, but the family moved to Riehen when he was one year old and it was in Riehen, not far from Basel, that Leonard was brought up.
Paul Euler had, as we have mentioned, some mathematical training and he was able to teach his son elementary mathematics along with other subjects. Leonhard was sent to school in Basel and during this time he lived with his grandmother on his mother's side.
This school was a rather poor one, by all accounts, and Euler learnt no mathematics at all from the school. However his interest in mathematics had certainly been sparked by his father's teaching, and he read mathematics texts on his own and took some private lessons.
Euler's father wanted his son to follow him into the church and sent him to the University of Basel to prepare for the ministry.
He entered the University inat the age of 14, first to obtain a general education before going on to more advanced studies.
Johann Bernoulli soon discovered Euler's great potential for mathematics in private tuition that Euler himself engineered. Euler's own account given in his unpublished autobiographical writings, see [ 1 ], is as follows: I soon found an opportunity to be introduced to a famous professor Johann Bernoulli.
True, he was very busy and so refused flatly to give me private lessons; but he gave me much more valuable advice to start reading more difficult mathematical books on my own and to study them as diligently as I could; if I came across some obstacle or difficulty, I was given permission to visit him freely every Sunday afternoon and he kindly explained to me everything I could not understand In Euler completed his Master's degree in philosophy having compared and contrasted the philosophical ideas of Descartes and Newton.
He began his study of theology in the autumn offollowing his father's wishes, but, although he was to be a devout Christian all his life, he could not find the enthusiasm for the study of theology, Greek and Hebrew that he found in mathematics. Euler obtained his father's consent to change to mathematics after Johann Bernoulli had used his persuasion.
The fact that Euler's father had been a friend of Johann Bernoulli 's in their undergraduate days undoubtedly made the task of persuasion much easier.
Euler completed his studies at the University of Basel in He had studied many mathematical works during his time in Basel, and Calinger [ 24 ] has reconstructed many of the works that Euler read with the advice of Johann Bernoulli. By Euler had already a paper in print, a short article on isochronous curves in a resisting medium.
In he published another article on reciprocal trajectories and submitted an entry for the Grand Prize of the Paris Academy on the best arrangement of masts on a ship.
The Prize of went to Bougueran expert on mathematics relating to ships, but Euler's essay won him second place which was a fine achievement for the young graduate. However, Euler now had to find himself an academic appointment and when Nicolaus II Bernoulli died in St Petersburg in July creating a vacancy there, Euler was offered the post which would involve him in teaching applications of mathematics and mechanics to physiology.
He accepted the post in November but stated that he did not want to travel to Russia until the spring of the following year. He had two reasons to delay.
He wanted time to study the topics relating to his new post but also he had a chance of a post at the University of Basel since the professor of physics there had died.
Euler wrote an article on acoustics, which went on to become a classic, in his bid for selection to the post but he was not chosen to go forward to the stage where lots were drawn to make the final decision on who would fill the chair.
Almost certainly his youth he was 19 at the time was against him. However Calinger [ 24 ] suggests: As soon as he knew he would not be appointed to the chair of physics, Euler left Basel on 5 April Through the requests of Daniel Bernoulli and Jakob HermannEuler was appointed to the mathematical-physical division of the Academy rather than to the physiology post he had originally been offered.
At St Petersburg Euler had many colleagues who would provide an exceptional environment for him [ 1 ]: Euler served as a medical lieutenant in the Russian navy from to In St Petersburg he lived with Daniel Bernoulli who, already unhappy in Russia, had requested that Euler bring him tea, coffee, brandy and other delicacies from Switzerland.Leonhard Euler: Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist, one of the founders of pure mathematics.
He not only made formative contributions to the subjects of geometry, calculus, mechanics, and number theory but also developed methods for solving problems in astronomy and demonstrated practical applications of mathematics. Leonhard Euler was born on 15 April , in Basel, Switzerland to Paul III Euler, a pastor of the Reformed Church, and Marguerite née Brucker, a pastor's daughter.
He had two younger sisters: Anna Maria and Maria Magdalena, and a younger brother Johann Heinrich. Leonhard Euler was a Swiss mathematician counted among the greatest mathematicians of all times. This biography of Leonhard Euler provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & regardbouddhiste.com Of Birth: Basel.
Leonhard Euler Biography Mathematician (–) Leonhard Euler was an 18th century physicist and scholar who was responsible for developing many concepts that are an integral part of modern Born: Apr 15, Leonhard Euler was born on 15 April , in Basel, Switzerland, to Paul Euler and Marguerite Brucker in Basel.
His father was a pastor of the Reformed Church while his mother was the daughter of a pastor, thus Euler was raised in a religious regardbouddhiste.com Of Birth: Basel. Leonhard Euler. Leonhard Euler was an 18th century physicist and scholar who was responsible for developing many concepts that are an integral part of modern mathematics.