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Etymology A copper mine in Cyprus. In antiquity, Cyprus was a major source of copper. The etymology of the name is unknown. It has been suggested, for example, that it has roots in the Sumerian word for copper zubar or for bronze kubarfrom the large deposits of copper ore found on the island.
The terms Cypriote and Cyprian are also used, though less frequently. History Archeologic site of Khirokitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period reconstruction Early Greek colonization of Cyprus Prehistoric and Ancient Cyprus Main articles: Prehistoric Cyprus and Ancient history of Cyprus The earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnossituated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10, BC with settled village communities dating from BC.
The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants. The revolt was suppressed, but Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained oriented towards the Greek world.
Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successorsCyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt. It was during this period that the island was fully Hellenized. Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the strong Hellenistic-Christian character that continues A geography of cyprus be a hallmark of the Greek Cypriot community.
A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templarwho, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan.
Venice formally annexed the Kingdom of Cyprus infollowing the abdication of Catherine. Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus. In the Ottomans A geography of cyprus Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia.
It is now accepted that the medieval period saw increasing numbers of Greek Cypriots elevated to the upper classes, a growing Greek middle ranks and the Lusignan royal household even marrying Greeks.
Ottoman Cyprus Ina full-scale Ottoman assault with 60, troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta. Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus massacred many Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.
In a reversal from the days of Latin rule, the head of the Church of Cyprus was invested as leader of the Greek Cypriot population and acted as mediator between Christian Greek Cypriots and the Ottoman authorities. This status ensured that the Church of Cyprus was in a position to end the constant encroachments of the Roman Catholic Church.
In —78, 47, Muslims constituted a majority over the island's 37, Christians. In response, the Ottoman governor of Cyprus arrested and executed prominent Greek Cypriots, including the Archbishop of Cyprus, Kyprianosand four other bishops.
After centuries of neglect by the Turks, the unrelenting poverty of most of the people, and the ever-present tax collectors fuelled Greek nationalism, and by the 20th century idea of enosisor union, with newly independent Greece was firmly rooted among Greek Cypriots. They persisted sometime after Ottoman rule ended and then increased rapidly during the twentieth century.
Modern history of Cyprus Hoisting the British flag at Nicosia In the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War — and the Congress of BerlinCyprus was leased to the British Empire which de facto took over its administration in though, in terms of sovereignty, Cyprus remained a de jure Ottoman territory until 5 Novembertogether with Egypt and Sudan  in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression.
Bywhen the Famagusta harbour was completed, Cyprus was a strategic naval outpost overlooking the Suez Canalthe crucial main route to India which was then Britain's most important overseas possession. The offer was declined.
Inunder the Treaty of Lausannethe nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus,  and in it was declared a British crown colony. The Greek Cypriot population, meanwhile, had become hopeful that the British administration would lead to enosis.
The idea of enosis was historically part of the Megali Ideaa greater political ambition of a Greek state encompassing the territories with Greek inhabitants in the former Ottoman Empire, including Cyprus and Asia Minor with a capital in Constantinopleand was actively pursued by the Cypriot Orthodox Churchwhich had its members educated in Greece.
Nationalistic slogans centred on the idea that "Cyprus is Turkish" and the ruling party declared Cyprus to be a part of the Turkish homeland that was vital to its security. The slogan "Partition or Death" was frequently used in Turkish Cypriot and Turkish protests starting in the late s and continuing throughout the s.
Restricted autonomy under a constitution was proposed by the British administration but eventually rejected. T despite its illegal actions so as not to harm British relations with the Turkish government. Cyprus had a total population of ,; of whom However, the division of power as foreseen by the constitution soon resulted in legal impasses and discontent on both sides, and nationalist militants started training again, with the military support of Greece and Turkey respectively.
The Greek Cypriot leadership believed that the rights given to Turkish Cypriots under the constitution were too extensive and designed the Akritas planwhich was aimed at reforming the constitution in favour of Greek Cypriots, persuading the international community about the correctness of the changes and violently subjugating Turkish Cypriots in a few days should they not accept the plan.
The violence resulted in the death of Turkish and Greek Cypriots,  destruction of Turkish Cypriot or mixed villages and displacement of 25,—30, Turkish Cypriots.
The crisis resulted in the end of the Turkish Cypriot involvement in the administration and their claiming that it had lost its legitimacy;  the nature of this event is still controversial. In some areas, Greek Cypriots prevented Turkish Cypriots from travelling and entering government buildings, while some Turkish Cypriots willingly withdrew due to the calls of the Turkish Cypriot administration.
Johnson on 5 June, warning that the US would not stand beside Turkey in case of a consequential Soviet invasion of Turkish territory. Greece dispatched 10, troops to Cyprus to counter a possible Turkish invasion. This justification has been rejected by the United Nations and the international community.Unique online map games for the Middle East - hear the names of Middle Eastern countries and capitals pronounced.
Plus Middle East maps and information about capitals, geography, history, culture, and more. The skyline of Limassol (Lemesos) has left behind very little evidence of its historical past and given way instead to a modern, cosmopolitan appearance.
However, the protected ancient monuments of the city hand over a rich trail of artefacts and mythical stories. Limassol Castle, The Amathus Ruins and the Mosque of Djami Kebir are a few of the . Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades announced march 18th that he is battling against eurozone demands that all Cyprus bank .
Countries and dependencies of the world in alphabetical order from A to Z and by letter, showing current population estimates for , density, and land area. Car hire Cyprus. Car Hire Cyprus by Regency, your local source for low car hire in Cyprus rates, quotes and online reservations throughout the regardbouddhiste.com hire in Cyprus is the best way to explore our regardbouddhiste.com Give you peace of mind we offer All Inclusive car rental Rates with NO EXCESS and absolutely NO hidden extras!
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The school is private, independent, multinational and co-ed. We are a British day-school with an international enrolment catering for all age groups from 4 years (Reception) to 18 or 19 years (A levels and university entrance).