Chapter 1 studyguide microbiology a systems

The Lymphatic System Back to Top The lymphatic system is composed of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, and organs.

Chapter 1 studyguide microbiology a systems

Swallowing is a complex event that is coordinated by the swallowing center in the lower portion of the brainstem.


During this process, food passes from the mouth to the pharynx and into the esophagus. This triggers swallowing, by stimulating touch receptors in the pharynx. Then, the anterior of the tongue lifts to the hard palate and forces the bolus to the pharynx.

As the larynx rises, the epiglottis moves backwards and downwards to seal off the glottis the entrance to the respiratory system.

The stomach is a J-shaped organ, directly under the diaphragm. The uperior portion is a continuation of the esophagus. The inferior portion pylorus empties the stomach contents into the first segment of the small intestine. The main component of gastric juices released during digestion is gastric acid.


Gastric acid is hydrochloric acid produced by the parietal cells, and it makes the lumen of the stomach very acidic with a pH of This increased acidity contributes both to the conversion of pepsinogen to pepsin and to the breakdown of foods. Liver and Gallbladder Bile production and storage: The liver is involved in many aspects of nutrient metabolism, and the regulation of the products of digestion in the blood: Bile is an alkaline fluid produced by hepatocytes in the liver, and it helps to emulsify fats during digestion and absorption in the small intestine.

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Bile contains taurocholic and deoxycholic salts; these salts combine with fat globules and break them down into small droplets for absorption in the small intestine. The pancreas is an elongated organ, adjacent to the stomach and in close association with the first segment of the small intestine, the duodenum.

Chapter 1 studyguide microbiology a systems

The pancreas produces a number of enzymes used in the process of digestion: The small intestine is ft. The small intestine is the site were most of the nutrients from digested food takes place. The large intestine is shorter in length ft than the small intestine, but it is so named because of its increased diameter.

The large intestine is divided into four major areas: Rapid Study Kit for "Title":Read this essay on Pgs Exam2 Studyguide. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.

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Microbiology Studyguide Growth Curve: Lag Phase Intense activity preparing for population growth, but no increase in population. Study Guide for INFS CHAPTER 1 Data vs Information CHAPTER 2 * Entity: Unique and distinct.

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