Dante alighieris the inferno a journey through hell

Table of Contents Context Dante Alighieri was born in in Florence, Italy, to a family of moderate wealth that had a history of involvement in the complex Florentine political scene.

Dante alighieris the inferno a journey through hell

Traveling through a dark wood, Dante Alighieri has lost his path and now wanders fearfully through the forest. The sun shines down on a mountain above him, and he attempts to climb up to it but finds his way blocked by three beasts—a leopard, a lion, and a she-wolf.

Frightened and helpless, Dante returns to the dark wood. Here he encounters the ghost of Virgil, the great Roman poet, who has come to guide Dante back to his path, to the top of the mountain.

Dante alighieris the inferno a journey through hell

He adds that it was Beatrice, along with two other holy women, who, seeing Dante lost in the wood, sent Virgil to guide him.

They enter the outlying region of Hell, the Ante-Inferno, where the souls who in life could not commit to either good or evil now must run in a futile chase after a blank banner, day after day, while hornets bite them and worms lap their blood.

Dante witnesses their suffering with repugnance and pity. The ferryman Charon then takes him and his guide across the river Acheron, the real border of Hell. The First Circle of Hell, Limbo, houses pagans, including Virgil and many of the other great writers and poets of antiquity, who died without knowing of Christ.

At the border of the Second Circle, the monster Minos lurks, assigning condemned souls to their punishments. He curls his tail around himself a certain number of times, indicating the number of the circle to which the soul must go. In the Third Circle of Hell, the Gluttonous must lie in mud and endure a rain of filth and excrement.

In the Fourth Circle, the Avaricious and the Prodigal are made to charge at one another with giant boulders. Dante glimpses Filippo Argenti, a former political enemy of his, and watches in delight as other souls tear the man to pieces. Virgil and Dante next proceed to the walls of the city of Dis, a city contained within the larger region of Hell.

The demons who guard the gates refuse to open them for Virgil, and an angelic messenger arrives from Heaven to force the gates open before Dante. A deep valley leads into the First Ring of the Seventh Circle of Hell, where those who were violent toward others spend eternity in a river of boiling blood.

Virgil and Dante meet a group of Centaurs, creatures who are half man, half horse. One of them, Nessus, takes them into the Second Ring of the Seventh Circle of Hell, where they encounter those who were violent toward themselves the Suicides.

These souls must endure eternity in the form of trees. Dante there speaks with Pier della Vigna. Going deeper into the Seventh Circle of Hell, the travelers find those who were violent toward God the Blasphemers ; Dante meets his old patron, Brunetto Latini, walking among the souls of those who were violent toward Nature the Sodomites on a desert of burning sand.

Dante alighieris the inferno a journey through hell

They also encounter the Usurers, those who were violent toward Art. In the First Pouch, the Panderers and the Seducers receive lashings from whips; in the second, the Flatterers must lie in a river of human feces.

The Simoniacs in the Third Pouch hang upside down in baptismal fonts while their feet burn with fire. In the Fourth Pouch are the Astrologists or Diviners, forced to walk with their heads on backward, a sight that moves Dante to great pity.

In the Fifth Pouch, the Barrators those who accepted bribes steep in pitch while demons tear them apart. The Hypocrites in the Sixth Pouch must forever walk in circles, wearing heavy robes made of lead. In the horrifying Seventh Pouch, the Thieves sit trapped in a pit of vipers, becoming vipers themselves when bitten; to regain their form, they must bite another thief in turn.

In the Ninth Pouch, the souls of Sowers of Scandal and Schism walk in a circle, constantly afflicted by wounds that open and close repeatedly.

In the Tenth Pouch, the Falsifiers suffer from horrible plagues and diseases. The giant Antaeus picks Virgil and Dante up and sets them down at the bottom of the well, in the lowest region of Hell. In Antenora, the Second Ring, those who betrayed their country and party stand frozen up to their heads; here Dante meets Count Ugolino, who spends eternity gnawing on the head of the man who imprisoned him in life.

In Ptolomea, the Third Ring, those who betrayed their guests spend eternity lying on their backs in the frozen lake, their tears making blocks of ice over their eyes. Here, those who betrayed their benefactors spend eternity in complete icy submersion.

A huge, mist-shrouded form lurks ahead, and Dante approaches it.- Dante Inferno is a story about the journey through hell to of Dante Alighieri, the Italian poet, to rescue Beatrice, his beloved, guided by the Roman poet, Virgil.

The journey of Dante and Virgil briefly and concisely represented the Christian belief of the afterlife through the nine circles of hell, the sinners and their relatively punishments.

All of Dante’s work on The Comedy (later called The Divine Comedy, and consisting of three books: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso) was done after his exile. He completed Inferno, which depicts an allegorical journey through Hell, around Dante's "Inferno" is a religious quest through the realm of hell.

Part of his Divine Comedy, Dante's Inferno is a journey through the levels of hell and the sins that place humans there. The work. "One of the greatest masterpieces of all times, Dante's Inferno, now newly translated by John Ciardi for the modern reader, is the magnificent story of a man's way through the infinite torment of Hell in his search for Paradise." says the back cover of this copyrighted edition/5().

Inferno (pronounced ; Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy. It is followed by Purgatorio and Paradiso. The Inferno tells the journey of Dante through Hell, guided by the ancient Roman poet Virgil.

A Journey through Hell The Inferno, the first part of the Divina Commedia, written around to , is the masterpiece of Dante Alighieri. The story tells of a pilgrim Dante, not to be confused with the writer Dante, and his journey through hell to the base of the mountain of purgatory.

Smithsonian Folkways - The Inferno (Dante Alighieri): The Immortal Drama of a Journey through Hell