The purpose can be as simple as locating a specific date or more complex, such as reading multiple web sites to find out what is the best electronic tablet to buy. We believe assessments should also provide students with a realistic purpose for reading. That is why we created a new type of assessment called GISA — Global, Integrated, Scenario-based Assessments — to help improve student motivation and learning. GISA uses a scenario-based technique to provide students with a reason to read and integrate a variety of related sources on a particular topic.
Middle school teachers, tutors and parents can help students learn to write summaries of books, poems or articles to increase reading comprehension and improve retention. Summaries also give students an opportunity to practice and hone their formal writing skills.
Instructions should focus on ways to condense material into manageable pieces, identify the main concepts and support them with evidence from the text. Encourage your students to maintain a formal style, similar to a book report, and avoid discussing their personal feelings in their summaries.
A middle-school summary is informative, not analytic, in nature. Create a Mind Map Ask your students to create a graphic organizer, such as a mind mapto help them sort concepts from the story into categories.
Branch off from the central circle with broad categories and list them in separate circles, such as the setting, characters, plot and themes.
Have your students add details to the categories, using lines or small bubbles for each piece of information. For example, if your students are summarizing "The Maze Runner," by James Dashner, they should have a "setting" bubble with details, such as "post-apocalyptic future," "Glade -- large meadow surrounded by walls," "perfect weather" and "farming community" around it.
A mind map serves as a graphical outline for the summary. Middle school students should be able to articulate what their summary will cover and create purposeful topic sentences. For example, a summary of "The Hunger Games," by Suzanne Collins, might start with, "Brave, sixteen-year-old Katniss Everdeen volunteers to play the life-and-death strategy game, known as the Hunger Games, in place of her younger sister.
The story takes place in the future where communities are divided into districts according to their economic status.
Competitors might fight to the death. Instruct them to use the main categories from their mind maps to answer the questions -- the goal is to help them synthesize the most important details. Pretend that every word in their summaries costs money -- like a telegram or a classified ad in a newspaper.
This activity encourages middle schoolers to condense the material, avoid wordiness and focus on key concepts. Include a Brief Conclusion Advise students to include a brief conclusion that helps readers understand the purpose behind the book or article.But before we discuss how to use living books with middle school students, I thought I would share a little background.
Your goals for middle school science. Do some writing, either a list of facts, a summary, or an outline.
Engage the students with a hands-on experiment. Middle school teachers generally work school hours when students are present. They may meet with parents, students, and other teachers before and after school.
Teachers who coach sports or advise clubs generally do so before or after school. Summarization for Comprehension This simple summarization strategy teaches students to combine the main ideas from a passage into a succinct summary that is one paragraph long.
This is a strategy that skilled readers use to help them remember the most important information in a .
Twelve Assignments Every Middle School Student Should Write is a revision and expansion of Gary’s earlier book, Middle School Writing Projects: Ideas for Writing Across the Curriculum. With this book, Gary has offered a roadmap for both using writing and teaching.
Writing an Objective Summary Learning Target: I can provide an objective summary of a text. 1 How to Write a Summary Wednesday, September 25, Summarizing Step #1: 3-Part Topic Sentence from the middle of the text AND from the end of the text.
Wednesday, September 25, Homework Center: Writing a Book Report. How to Write a Book Report – Middle & High School level.
Give a concise plot summary. Along with the sequence of major events, you may want to discuss the book's climax and resolution, and/or literary devices such as foreshadowing.
But, if you are writing a review, be careful not to give away.