In her seminal text, Essed outlines how seemingly subtle and innocuous interactions between majority group members and women of color are muddled with racism. Before I get into this post, check out this recent commercial that demonstrates what indigenous peoples in Australia Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders must cope with on a regular, everyday basis.
Is this a fair assessment of Colonialism? Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. World history is full of examples of one society Sociology presentation on colonialism expanding by incorporating adjacent territory and settling its people on newly conquered territory.
To name just a few of the most famous examples; the ancient Greeks set up colonies, as did the Romans, the Moors, and the Ottomans. Colonialism, then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Nevertheless, in the sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because of technological developments in navigation that began to connect more remote parts of the world.
Fast sailing ships made it possible to reach distant ports and to sustain close ties between the centre and colonies.
Thus, the modern European colonial project emerged when it became possible to move large numbers of people across the ocean and to maintain political sovereignty in spite of geographical dispersion. This entry uses the term colonialism to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including the Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia.
Colonial governments shared certain attributes. No matter what form colonial rule took, all colonial systems were un-democratic.
Colonial governments did not allow popular participation.
Decisions and policies were made with little or no input from the Native people. Even in the case where decisions or policies may have benefited some people, they were still un-democratic since there were no mechanisms for the people to officially express their opinions.
Law and Order "Peace" This was a primary objective of colonial governments. As mentioned above Colonial rule was most often imposed without consent from the people. Understandably, people were not happy with being governed without any representation, therefore colonial governments faced the potential of civil disobedience or outright resistance to their rule.
For example; as a result, in most African colonies, more money was spent on developing and maintaining a police force and an army than was spent on education, housing, and health-care combined!
Colonial governments lacked capacity. Most colonial governments were not rich. For example; The European colonial powers were not willing to fund the governing of their colonies in Africa fully.
Each colony was responsible for raising most of the revenue money needed to fund the operations of colonial rule. African Economies, details how different colonies attempted to raise revenues.
But no matter how rich in resources a colony was, the government lacked the income and revenue necessary to develop a government system able to go beyond maintaining law and order.
This meant that colonial governments were not able to provide basic infrastructure, such as roads and communication networks, nor were they able to provide basic social services such as education, health care, and housing.
Colonial governments practiced "divide and rule. Economic Practice of Colonialism 1. Emphasis on exploitation of raw materials for export. Colonial regimes concentrated on finding and exploiting the most profitable natural resources in each colony.
In mineral-rich colonies, the emphasis was placed on mining. In other territories, the colonial power identified agricultural products suitable for export to the Metropolis. In either case, the emphasis was on developing the resources for export, not for local use or consumption.
Profits from the export of mineral and agricultural goods were also sent to Mother Cities. Profits that could have been used to promote social and economic development in the colonies were not available.
The small taxes levied on exports went to support colonial rule. High demand for labour. Mining of minerals and the production of crops for export necessitated a ready supply of inexpensive labour.
Consequently, colonial governments exerted considerable effort "recruiting" labour for these endeavours. At times in colonial governments resorted to policies of forced labour in order to provide adequate labour for mines and plantations.
At other times, their tactics were not as harsh, but in almost all situations, many laboured in poor working conditions, for long hours, with inadequate pay. To improve the pay and working conditions of the labours would have lessened profits.
For example; the demand for labour in Africa also resulted in large-scale movements of people from areas that were not involved in colonial production to areas, including new urban areas, where colonial production occurred.Here at SociologyInFocus, a sociological topic we tend to neglect is colonialism.
First let’s define imperialism – “the practice, the theory, and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan centre ruling a distant territory; ‘colonialism’, which is almost always a consequence of imperialism, is the implanting of settlements on distant territory” (Ashcroft, Griffiths, & Tiffin, Indigenous Sociology for Social Impact Posted on Saturday, 6 January, Saturday, 6 January, by Dr Zuleyka Zevallos The history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social justice activism to destabilise and overcome colonial practices in Australia began with the British invasion in and has continued to the present-day.
Theorizing Race as Social Difference: The Sociology of Fanon & Patterson Plus some Habermas! Wednesday, April 25, Instructor: Sarah Whetstone – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on regardbouddhiste.com - .
Internal colonialism is often accompanied by segregation that is defined as the separation of racial or ethnic groups. Segregation allows the dominant group to maintain social distance from the minority and yet exploit their labor as cooks, cleaners, chauffeurs, nannies, factory workers, and so on.
Postcolonialism (postcolonial theory, postcolonian studies, post-colonial theory) is a specifically postmodern intellectual discourse that consists of reactions to, and analysis of, the cultural legacy of colonialism and imperialism.
Sociology Presentation on Colonialism. n Colonialism Sociology Presentation Question 7 3/19/ By: Ashley Phillips Tutor: Mrs Mascoll “Robbing the infant to feed the mother”. Is this a fair assessment of Colonialism? Meaning of Colonialism; Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies.