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This article addresses the history of the idea of Manifest Destiny and the influence of that idea upon American expansion.
O'Sullivan, then an influential advocate for the Democratic Party.
O'Sullivan argued that the United States had the right to claim "the whole of Oregon": And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federated self-government entrusted to us.
O'Sullivan, sketched inis generally remembered only for using the phrase "Manifest Destiny" to advocate the annexation of Texas and Oregon O'Sullivan believed that God "Providence" had given the United States a mission to spread republican democracy "the great experiment of liberty" throughout North America.
Because Great Britain would not use Oregon for the purposes of spreading democracy, argued O'Sullivan, British claims to the territory could be disregarded. O'Sullivan believed that Manifest Destiny was a moral ideal a "higher law" superseding other considerations, including international laws and agreements.
He believed that the expansion of U. O'Sullivan disapproved of the outbreak of the Mexican-American War inalthough he came to believe that the outcome would be beneficial to both countries. O'Sullivan himself had earlier expressed some of these ideas, notably in an essay titled "The Great Nation of Futurity.
The term became popular after it was criticized by Whig opponents of the Polk administration. On January 3,Representative Robert Winthrop ridiculed the concept in Congress, saying "I suppose the right of a manifest destiny to spread will not be admitted to exist in any nation except the universal Yankee nation.
Despite this criticism, Democrats embraced the phrase. It caught on so quickly that it was eventually forgotten that O'Sullivan had coined it. O'Sullivan died in obscurity injust as his phrase was being revived; it was not until that a historian determined that the phrase had originated with him.
Weeks has noted that three key themes were usually touched upon by advocates of Manifest Destiny: The origin of the first theme, also known as American Exceptionalismwas often traced to America's Puritan heritage, particularly John Winthrop 's famous "City Upon a Hill" sermon ofin which he called for the establishment of a virtuous community that would be a shining example to the Old World.
In his influential pamphlet Common Sense, Thomas Paine echoed this notion, arguing that the American Revolution provided an opportunity to create a new, better society: We have it in our power to begin the world over again.
A situation, similar to the present, hath not happened since the days of Noah until now. The birthday of a new world is at hand….
Many Americans agreed with Paine, and came to believe that the United States had embarked upon a special experiment of world-historical importance, a rejection of Old World monarchy in favor of freedom and democracy.
President Abraham Lincoln 's later description of the United States as "the last, best hope of Earth" is a well-known expression of this idea.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Addressin which he interpreted the Civil War as a struggle to determine if any nation with America's ideals could survive, has been called by historian Robert Johannsen "the most enduring statement of America's Manifest Destiny and mission.
Many believed that American-style democracy would spread without any effort by the United States government. American pioneers would take their beliefs with them throughout North America, and other countries in the world would seek to emulate American institutions.
Thomas Jefferson initially did not believe it necessary that the United States itself should expand, since he believed that other republics similar to the United States would be founded in North America, forming what he called an "empire for liberty.
As more territory was added to the United States in the following decades, whether or not "extending the area of freedom" also meant extending the area of slavery became a central issue in a growing divide over the interpretation of America's "mission. Late in life he came to regret his role in helping U.
The phrase "Manifest Destiny" is most often associated with the territorial expansion of the United States from to Manifest Destiny played a role in U.
The pervasive racialism of Manifest Destiny had serious consequences for American Indians.This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S.
justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
Manifest Destiny is a nineteenth-century belief that the United States had a mission to expand westward across the North American continent, spreading its form of democracy, freedom, and culture.
The expansion was deemed to be not only good, but also obvious ("manifest") and certain ("destiny. Manifest Destiny, in U.S. history, the supposed inevitability of the continued territorial expansion of the boundaries of the United States westward to the Pacific and beyond.
Before the American Civil War (–65), the idea of Manifest Destiny was used to validate continental acquisitions in the Oregon Country, Texas, New Mexico, and regardbouddhiste.com purchase of Alaska after the Civil War.
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This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .