March 26, at 9:
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Bonaventure to various stages of their adulthood, Morrison explores the experiences of two girls of different races, but she never reveals the race of either girl except through a series of social codes that underscore how race may be conflated with class, ambiguous physical traits, and social rituals such as eating certain foods.
In Playing in the Dark: Thus, it is not surprising that critics have been preoccupied with the question: Which character is white and which character is black? Moreover, as they acknowledge that they never knew for certain whether Maggie was deaf as well as mute or whether she was black or white, they realize that their own ambivalent memories of her have been repressed and muted.
In such readings, Maggie is most commonly associated [End Page 71] with representations of silence and absence, or, as Twyla and Roberta observe, with their failed mothers.
Indeed, while Twyla and Roberta are allowed to change throughout "Recitatif," Maggie is trapped in a disabling cultural discourse. Rather than interrogating how critics read Twyla and Roberta, we may ask: How do Twyla and Roberta read Maggie?
In shifting our focus from the cultural signs encasing Twyla and Roberta to those entrapping Maggie, Morrison asks readers to investigate how they read the stigmatized differences embedded in multiple narratives of identity, including race and disability. Davis calls the "hegemony of normalcy" 12yet she also disrupts these specific boundaries.
With its emphasis on discursive readings of differences and its challenge to cultural definitions of "inferiority," disability studies shares much with multicultural studies.
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Toni Morrison Because she believed everyone has a story to tell Novelist, playwright b. Because she believed everyone has a story to tell Novelist, playwright b. “You your best thing. And Toni Morrison disrupts racial codes in her first and only short story, "Recitatif" (), at an historical moment when readers and writers were expecting her, as they were expecting other African American women writers, to paint the lives and struggles of African American society and its women in particular.
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In the short stories "The Necklace" by Guy de Maupassant and "Recitatif" by Toni Morrison, the issues of class separation and struggle, though they may appear at first glance to be unimportant, are in fact the central points around which these two stories .