References Title Page This page should contain four pieces: The rest of the pages should not include this in the page header.
Apply general APA style and formatting conventions in a research paper. There are a few major formatting styles used in academic texts, including AMA, Chicago, and Turabian: AMA American Medical Association for medicine, health, and biological sciences APA American Psychological Association for education, psychology, and the social sciences Chicago—a common style used in everyday publications like magazines, newspapers, and books MLA Modern Language Association for English, literature, arts, and humanities Turabian—another common style designed for its universal application across all subjects and disciplines While all the formatting and citation styles have their own use and applications, in this chapter we focus our attention on the two styles you are most likely to use in your academic studies: If you find that the rules of proper source documentation are difficult to keep straight, you are not alone.
Writing a good research paper is, in and of itself, a major intellectual challenge. Having to follow detailed citation and formatting guidelines as well may seem like just one more task to add to an already-too-long list of requirements.
Following these guidelines, however, serves several important purposes. Finally, it helps your reader find additional materials if he or she wishes to learn more about your topic.
Furthermore, producing a letter-perfect APA-style paper need not be burdensome. Yes, it requires careful attention to detail. However, you can simplify the process if you keep these broad guidelines in mind: Work ahead whenever you can. What Will I Learn? Get it right the first time.
|General Format // Purdue Writing Lab||Archaeology Linguistics Many other fields and subject areas regularly use this style too.|
|Writing Research Papers in APA Style||There is more to APA format than just works cited. APA format, more officially known as American Psychological Association, is one of two main documentation styles used in the United States.|
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|How to Cite Anything in APA Format - EasyBib||For more information, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or a style guide to writing research papers.|
Apply APA guidelines as you write, so you will not have much to correct during the editing stage. Again, putting in a little extra time early on can save time later. Use the resources available to you.
In addition to the guidelines provided in this chapter, you may wish to consult the APA website at http: General Formatting Guidelines This chapter provides detailed guidelines for using the citation and formatting conventions developed by the American Psychological Association, or APA.
Writers in disciplines as diverse as astrophysics, biology, psychology, and education follow APA style. The major components of a paper written in APA style are listed in the following box.
These are the major components of an APA-style paper: Title page Body, which includes the following: Headings and, if necessary, subheadings to organize the content In-text citations of research sources References page All these components must be saved in one document, not as separate documents.
Title Page The title page of your paper includes the following information: List the first three elements in the order given in the previous list, centered about one third of the way down from the top of the page. Use the headers and footers tool of your word-processing program to add the header, with the title text at the left and the page number in the upper-right corner.
Your title page should look like the following example. Abstract The next page of your paper provides an abstractor brief summary of your findings. An abstract does not need to be provided in every paper, but an abstract should be used in papers that include a hypothesis.
A good abstract is concise—about one hundred to one hundred fifty words—and is written in an objective, impersonal style. Your writing voice will not be as apparent here as in the body of your paper. When writing the abstract, take a just-the-facts approach, and summarize your research question and your findings in a few sentences.
Note how it sums up the major ideas in his paper without going into excessive detail. Exercise 1 Write an abstract summarizing your paper. Briefly introduce the topic, state your findings, and sum up what conclusions you can draw from your research.
Use the word count feature of your word-processing program to make sure your abstract does not exceed one hundred fifty words. Tip Depending on your field of study, you may sometimes write research papers that present extensive primary research, such as your own experiment or survey.The American Psychological Association or APA Writing Format is one of the most widely used formats in writing academic papers, particularly in the field of science.
A similar study of students learning to format research papers was conducted in by J. Webber (“Using APA,” ). If you are citing a work that has no date, use the abbreviation n.d. (for "no date"). APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in . The Writing Center at Empire State College Genesee Valley Center Rochester, NY.
GUIDE TO WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS IN THE APA STYLE. This style sheet is intended only as an overview and does not cover all aspects of the APA style. APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines.
If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper.