This Paper analyzes the future of dog sniffs in the public schopurposes of this Paper the developmentFirst, this Paper discussesthat either students or teachersNew Jersey v. Lto be free from unreasonableto whose actions the Fourthgovernment action is notprotection from dog sniffs B. Students Persons 96 See Vernonia Sch. Acton 2 by holding that the suspicionless drug testing of students participatingdiffering vastly from Von Raabthreat to students involvedEducation v.
Vernonia School District V. Acton as to whether or not random drug testing of high school athletes violated the reasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment.
The courts decision was a strong interpretation of the Fourth Amendment and the right decision upon drug testing high school athletes. Between and the Vernonia School District began to see a marked increase in disciplinary problems, drug use by students, athletic injuries, use of drugs by athletes and a student body preoccupation with the drug culture.
The school district adopted a policy requiring students who participated in interscholastic athletics to sign a consent of both routine and random drug testing. He was denied participation because he and his parents refused to sign the testing consent forms.
The Actons filled suit on the grounds that it violated the Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. Drugs had not previously been a major problem in Vernonia schools.
Students began to speak out about their attraction to the drug culture, and boasted that there was nothing the school could do about it. The Supreme Court had to decide on the question of, does random drug testing of high school athletes violate the reasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment?
Vernonia had started drug tests to cut down on what school officials viewed as widespread drug use among students. James himself, a good student, had never been suspected of using illegal drugs. The Fourth Amendment prohibits government from conducting unreasonable searches. In the courts decision on Skinner v.
The Federal Railroad Administration implemented regulations requiring mandatory blood and urine tests of employees involved in certain train accidents.
It also allowed railroads to administer breath and urine tests to employees who violate certain safety rules. The question the Supreme Court was presented was, did this violate the Fourth Amendment?
The court ruled no, saying that preventing accidents and assuring safety reduced the expectations of privacy for railroad employees.
As in Vernonia School District v. Acton, school officials were concerned that drug use increased the risk of sport related injuries. The high school football and wrestling coach witnessed a severe sternum injury suffered by a wrestler and various safety misexecutions by football players, which lead the coach to believe it was drug use related.
Acton and other term papers or research documents.2. ACTION U.S.A. () - A film that lives up to it's title. This film's sole purpose is to cram as much stuntwork humanly possible into 89 minutes. This Waco, Texas-lensed obscurity's minimal plot begins with Billy (Ron Shaft) being abducted by goons working for crime kingpin Franki Navarro (80's cameo king Cameron Mitchell) while making love to girlfriend Carmen (Barri Murphy; ARMED FOR.
VERNONIA SCHOOL DISTRICT 47J v. ACTON ET UX., GUARDIANS AD LITEM FOR ACTON no further action is taken. If the second test is positive, the athlete's parents are notified, and the school principal convenes a meeting with the student and his parents, at which the student is given the option of (1) participating for six weeks in an assistance.
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VERNONIA SCHOOL DISTRICT v.
WAYNE ACTON June 26, , Decided Oral Argument in Vernonia v Acton SCALIA, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which REHNQUIST, C. J., and KENNEDY If the second test is negative, no further action is taken.