The response was favorable, and soon the Council of Clermont commenced. There, the first words of the religious calling flowed over the masses as Pope Urban II spoke to the crowd.
The Crusades - Research paper The Crusades, like so much of the modern conflict, were not wholly rational movements that could be explained away by purely economic or territorial ambition or by the clash of rights and interests. They were fueled, on all sides, by myths and passions that were far more effective in getting people to act than any purely political motivation.
The medieval holy wars in the Middle East could not be solved by rational treatises or neat territorial solutions. Fundamental passions were involved which touched the identity of Christians, Muslims and Jews and which were sacred to the identity of each.
They have not changed very much in the holy wars of today. Crusades were the most vivid and intense part of this enterprise and the one that received the strongest support from entire Europe on all the levels of society.
The theme of crusades is vividly discussed in literature and there are numerous viewpoints as to reasons and background of these historical events. This work will present the most common and widely accepted interpretation of the events and reasons that pushed Europe towards war with its neighbors.
Starting from the 11th century, the people of Western Europe commenced a series of military expeditions, known as the Crusades, to the East and Constantinople. The first and foremost reason of these crusades is rather clear: Western civilization wanted to liberate their though not only theirs so-called Holy Lands from the influence of Islam.
The first early crusades were the embodiment of religious revivalism. Thus, the crusades demonstrated papal leadership in the whole enterprise and popular religious beliefs Armstrong, The origins of the Crusades can be found in the Western world developments in the Middle Ages, as well as the impairing situation in the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantine Empire.
The fall of the Carolingan Empire in late ninth century together with the relative stabilization of local borders of European world after converting in Christianity of Slavs, Vikings and Madyars caused the creation of the entire class of warriors who had no other occupation except fighting among themselves and terrorizing the population Thatcher, McNeal, The years of violence followed.
The church tried to stem it with such movements as the Peace and Truce of God, which forbade violence among and against certain people in certain times of week, month and year. This gave some result, but trained warriors always looked for outlet of their violent energy.
Thus, a plea for help from the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I in stopping Muslim attacks found a good ground in the Western world. In some part, the Crusades were the outlet for religious piety which emerged in late eleventh century among the lay public.
Partly, this was caused by the Investiture Controversy, which started at about and still continued during the first crusade. Christendom was heavily affected by the Investiture Controversy, as both parts of the dispute tried to attract the pubic opinion on their side, and people became personally engaged in this religious dispute Riley-Smith, This resulted in awakening strong Christian piety and public interest in the affairs connected with religion, which was revealed in overwhelming popular support of the First crusade.Essay on The Crusades.
Words 4 Pages. within medieval times. Specifically, power struggles developed between the Roman church and various groups such as non-believers, Muslims, kings, and even common people all throughout the High Middle Ages. Essay on Women's Work During the First World War; Essay on Male and Female .
The success of the First Crusade inspired 12th-century popes such as Celestine III, Innocent III, Honorius III, and Gregory IX to call for military campaigns with the aim of Christianising the more remote regions of northern and north-eastern Europe.
This approach is responsible for the traditional, numbered crusades (i.e., First Crusade, Second Crusade, etc.). Others downplay the importance of a specific target, and emphasize instead characteristics related to authorization and procedure.
Reasons of The Unjustified Crusades Essay. A.
Pages:4 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay.
The first crusade out of the four main crusades came out as a success. The first crusade did conquer Jerusalem at first until it was taken back from them. they both join the military in search for a better life or a sense of.
The first crusade started off as a widespread pilgrimage that ended as a military expedition resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem in The crusades initiated from a call from help from Alexius for the protection of Constantinople and the recovery of Anatolia.
“The First Crusade was a war launched in , by Christians under the support of the Roman Catholic Church, to regain control of Jerusalem from the Muslims, and to help the Byzantine Empire fight the Seljuk Turks” (Wikipedia). This approach is responsible for the traditional, numbered crusades (i.e., First Crusade, Second Crusade, etc.). Others downplay the importance of a specific target, and emphasize instead characteristics related to authorization and procedure. This free History essay on Essay: The Crusades is perfect for History students to use as an example. Tel: ; I found out that the medieval crusade was a holy war, and for it to be an officially crusade, it had to be ordered by the pope against groups of people that hated Christendom. During the first crusade times were hard.
It should be mentioned that the first crusade in consisted mainly of mere peasants and the poor. They joined the crusade to conquer the alien lands, and, by robbing Muslims, with their force and violence receive the wealth they did not have at home.